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Hans Burkhardt and Stamatios Gerogiorgakis

Mereological Triangle _From Handbook of Mereology


ISBN: 978-3-88405-631-8

Price: €9.80 (including 19 % tax)


The Mereological Triangle was introduced by Hans Burkhardt in 1989 following an idea of Carlos A. Dufour. Fundamental are two distinctions. These are 1) the distinction be-tween two kinds of totalities, a whole (either essential or essential wholes) and an aggregate or heap; 2) the distinction between two kinds of whole, the essential whole and the integral whole. 
Whereas heaps are not dependent on every part they happen to have, essential wholes are, on the contrary, dependent on every part they have. Concerning parthood, ‘<<’ and ‘μ’ are primitive and denote respectively the mereological relation of proper parthood and parthood (x <<y reads: x is proper part of y, which, in turn, implies that x≠y, and xμy reads x is part of y, which does not necessarily imply that x≠y). Divisibility (Teilbarkeit) and separability (Trennbarkeit) are defined as follows: …



 





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