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Katherine Hawley

Fusion _From Handbook of Mereology


ISBN: 978-3-88405-607-3

Price: €9.80 (including 19 % tax)


‘Fusion’ is a philosophical term of art, with a variety of uses. First, it is often a synonym for ‘sum’. In this sense, a is a fusion of b, c and d iff b, c and d are parts of a, and every part of a shares a part with b, c or d. So a cat is a fusion of the cells which compose it, and the same cat is a fusion of the molecules which compose it. Relatedly, ‘fusion’ can refer to the occurrence of such composition: philosophers disagree about whether fusion is widespread, about whether it can be a vague matter, and so on. 228 FUSION There is a second main use of ‘fusion’, according to which fusions are sums which inherit their temporal and modal identity conditions from their parts. In this sense, if a is now the fusion of b, c and d, then it is the fusion of b, c and d whenever it exists, and at every world in which it exists. Thus if a exists at a time (or world), then so do all of b, c and d. In addition, it is usually presupposed that the mere existence of b, c and d at a time (or world) suffices for the existence of a at that time (or world), no matter how scattered they are. These two senses of ‘fusion’ are not always clearly distinguished …




 





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