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Ross P. Cameron

Mereological Essentialism _From Handbook of Mereology


ISBN: 978-3-88405-630-1

Price: €9.80 (including 19 % tax)


There are various theses that go by the name ‘mereological essentialism’, but common to all is the thought that things have their parts essentially. The most obvious way of stating this is: for all objects x, for all parts y of x, x has y as a part in every world in which x exists. But there are various ways to read this claim. If we are three-dimensionalists, i.e. we think that objects are wholly present at each moment they exist, we will think that the fundamental notion of parthood is parthood at a time (see Sider (2001: 55-57)). This lets us formulate two versions of mereological essentialism. Weak 3D ME: for all objects x, for all objects y such that y is part of x at some time, in every world in which x exists, y is a part of x at some time in that world. Strong 3D ME: for all objects x, for all objects y such that y is part of x at some time, in every world in which x exists, y is a part of x at all times in that world that x exists. These doctrines both concern the identity conditions for objects across possible worlds, but ‘mereological essentialism’ is also sometimes used by three-dimensionalists to refer to a doctrine concerned solely with the identity conditions for objects across times: that, necessarily, if x has y as a part at t then x has y as a part at all times. This is strictly weaker than strong 3D ME but is independent from weak 3D ME….




 





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