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Home arrow Philosophia Contributions to Philosophy arrow Meinong, Alexius _From Handbook of Mereology
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Maria E. Reicher

Meinong, Alexius _From Handbook of Mereology


ISBN: 978-3-88405-629-5

Price: €9.80 (including 19 % tax)


The Austrian philosopher Alexius Meinong (1853–1920), a disciple of Franz Brentano and teacher of Christian von Ehrenfels, is mainly known for his so-called ‘theory of objects’, an ontological theory that comprises existent as well as nonexistent entities. Within Meinong’s writings, mereology plays a prominent role in Meinong’s theory of ‘objects of higher order’, which was influenced by Ehrenfels’ Gestalttheorie (see Ehrenfels 1890). Objects of higher order (or superiora) are characterised by a relation of one-sided ontological dependency on those objects that they are ‘based upon’ (their inferiora); superiora are not reducible to their inferiora, i.e., they are something in the world over and above their inferiora. Meinong distinguished the following kinds of objects of higher order: relations (Relationen/Relate), complexes (Komplexe/Komplexionen), objectives (Objektive), dignitatives (Dignitative) and desideratives (Desiderative). However, Meinong did not introduce all of these kinds of objects of higher order at the same time; rather, the number of species within the population of objects of higher order was growing gradually over a period about 35 years (from Hume Studies II in 1882 to On Emotional Presentation in 1917). …




 





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