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E. J. Lowe

Some Varieties of Metaphysical Dependence


ISBN: 978-3-88405-557-1

Price: €3.50 (including 19 % tax)


In this paper, I first of all define various kinds of ontological dependence, motivating these definitions by appeal to examples. My contention is that whenever we need, in metaphysics, to appeal to some notion of existential or identity-dependence, one or other of these definitions will serve our needs adequately, which one depending on the case in hand. Then I respond to some objections to one of these proposed definitions in particular, namely, my definition of (what I call) essential identity-dependence. Finally, I show how a similar approach can be applied in the theory of truthmaking, by offering an account of the truthmaking relation which defines it in terms of a type of essential dependence. I also say why I think that this approach is preferable to one which treats the truthmaking relation as primitive. More generally, my view is that accounts of dependence or ‘grounding’ which treat these notions as primitive are less satisfactory than my own position, which is that in all cases a suitable definition is forthcoming if we look hard enough.

Authors’ Biography
E. J. Lowe is Professor of Philosophy at Durham University, United Kingdom, specializing in metaphysics, the philosophy of logic and language, the philosophy of mind and action, and early modern philosophy. His books include The Possibility of Metaphysics (Oxford University Press, 1998), The Four-Category Ontology (Oxford University Press, 2006), More Kinds of Being (Wiley-Blackwell, 2009), and Forms of Thought (Cambridge University Press, 2013). 



 





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