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Cosans, Christopher

Animals


ISBN: 978-3-88405-565-6

Price: €9.80 (including 19 % tax)


In our time animals are considered one of the five kingdoms of life (the others being that of plants, fungi, protests, and monera). Traditionally, animal referred to a living thing that was able to move around, in contrast to plants. As a category, the concept of animal can be traced back to the beginnings of Western thought. Aristotle (384-324 BC) did much to forge an idea of animals as substances with a special way of existence. In On the Soul, he argued that all living things can be regarded as existing at one of three levels. Plants only have the powers of digesting nutrients and reproducing, while animals have the additional powers of sensation and locomotion. Aristotle viewed humans as a subset of animals in virtue of their rational abilities. In his anatomical works, such as Parts of Animals, Aristotle argued that animals comprised parts that worked  together for the sake of the whole. He claimed that parts could be understood as organs, or tools, that were used by the whole animal for its activities. In History of Animals, he reports that, in some type ...


 


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