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Temilo van Zantwijk

Rhetoric _From Handbook of Mereology


ISBN: 978-3-88405-661-5

Price: €9.80 (including 19 % tax)


A definition of the part-whole relation is not in the scope of rhetoric. From a rhetorical viewpoint all that matters is transition from whole to part, whole to whole, part to part, and part to whole. From classical rhetoric – roughly speaking the rhetoric of Aristotle, the Rhetorica ad Herennium, Cicero and Quintilian – up to the baroque and enlightenment era, transitions between part and whole were dealt with in the theory of tropes. As far as questions of adequate style and expression are concerned, it was part of the elocutio, in the classical period one of the educated speaker’s (vir bonus) duties (officia orationis) supposed to ensure sufficient clarity and perspicuity. As a result, the partwhole relationship was seen as a relatively special topic in the field of rhetoric, appearing under the head of synecdoche, i.e. a set of tropes for replacement of a part by a whole or the reverse. Synecdoche can occur in six different types: 1) pars pro toto; 2) (the reverse) totum pro parte; 3) genus pro specie (transition from special to general concepts, e.g. ‘mortals’ for ‘man’); 4) (the reverse) species pro genere; 5) plurale tantum (transition from plural to singular: ‘the German’ instead of ‘the Germans’); 6) (the reverse) pluralis pro singulari (‘Germans are never scared’ for a special German). …




 


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